Android development is one of the most popular fields of software development. Currently, 75.16% of all mobile users worldwide use an Android device. It’s also very likely that Google’s Android operating system will continue retaining its market position in the future as well.
Android offers endless opportunities for developers: it is a versatile, open platform used by millions of users worldwide with a powerful distribution platform to reach a large audience. There are plenty of Android developer tools to get you started and help streamline your workflow. The number of these tools is increasing all the time, while each one continues to become more efficient and intuitive.
Android Editors and IDEs
Integrated development environments (IDEs) can contain a compiler, which translates the language you are coding into Android’s Java, and a debugging console, all usable through the same graphical interface.
This is where you’ll be doing most of the work—creating, designing, testing and polishing your mobile app.
The official IDE for Android development, created by Google. Android Studio provides code editing, debugging, and testing tools such as AVD Manager, Android Debug Bridge, and AVD Manager. It is free to download and is supported not only by Google but also by a large and actively engaged community of Android developers.
A Java IDE with built-in Android support, created by JetBrains. IntelliJ IDEA is a good choice for simple Android applications.
IntelliJ IDEA provides features like clever code completion, on-the-fly code analysis, refactoring tools, and useful JetBrains plugins. IntelliJ IDEA has both Community and Ultimate (commercial) Editions.
Visual Studio is Microsoft’s official and free IDE for developers. It supports several different programming languages and when combined with Xamarin, it can be utilized to create native Windows, Android, and iOS applications.
Visual Studio with Xamarin is a good choice for developers looking to create cross-platform apps. One downside, however, is that it less convenient to access and use Java libraries and you lose some of Google’s support and advanced integrated features.
5. Unity 3D
A game engine and IDE for cross-platform game development. Unity is easy to learn and comes with multiple game-specific features. With Unity 3D, you can create both two- and three-dimensional games. It has an all-in-one editor that features storytelling rather than coding, advanced performance profiling tools, a real-time rendering engine, and many other features. Unity 3D also allows you to build virtual reality applications.
The dev community tends to be quite open with a lot of their work, and chances are someone has made the library you need, but you can always pick and choose bits of code that are useful to you and put them into your own library.
Provides a flexible and customizable solution to upload images on Android. This library offers developers customizable features to cache and display images.
Provides a collection of many animation effects.
An image caching and networking library for Android. It is supported by Square and has an easy to use syntax, multiple online resources and support and features like image transformations, filters and more.
Simplifies communication between activities, fragments, threads, and services, with less code and better quality. Android application development requires communication between Android components, which sometimes becomes very difficult to manage. The EventBus library makes this task easy.
A view binding library that uses annotation to generate boilerplate code. It makes the code more clear and eliminates the need to write repetitive lines of code.
A mobile platform for developers from Google. Firebase includes a number of different features. These features revolve around cloud services, allowing users to save and retrieve data from any device or browser. Firebase can be useful for things like cloud messaging, hosting, crash reporting, notifications, analytics and even earning money through AdMob.
12. ML Kit
A mobile development tool that brings Google’s machine learning functionality to Android. That means adding things like computer vision and OCR without the need to have knowledge in deep learning and big data.
A collection of architectural patterns and tools for Android app development. It’s maintained by the Google Developers team.
Before developing a mobile app, it’s recommended to design the architecture of your application. Android Architecture Blueprints can help avoid typical architectural mistakes and inconsistencies.
A testing platform that allows checking memory leaks, bugs, and other issues on Android apps before publishing on Google Play. NimbleDroid helps to free up app developers’ time and speed up the overall QA process, helping to get the app to market faster.
A sophisticated debugging platform, developed by Facebook. Stetho offers an interactive debugging experience to Android developers. Stetho allows using Google Chrome’s developer tools to perform various debugging activities, such as view hierarchy inspection, network inspection, SQLite database management, and more.
LeakCanary is a memory leak detection tool based on MAT open source from Square. When a memory leak occurs, LeakCanary will automatically display the leak information, enabling developers to immediately repair the issue.
There are hundreds of other useful Android development tools available. Every Android developer has his own personal preference for what tools and environments to choose based on the particular application they are developing.
As the demand for Android applications continues to grow, the pool of platforms and solutions that help save developers time while helping to produce higher quality apps will continue to increase as well.